A web designer/developer is responsible for the design, layout and coding of a website. They are involved with the technical and graphical aspects of a website, how the site works and how it looks. They can also be involved with the maintenance and update of an existing site.
In order to design a website, a web designer/developer will:
This will determine the type of technology to use and how complex the site will be. The web designer/developer will then:
A web designer/developer will usually work as part of a team, which will include a web author/editor and an account manager.
A web designer/developer normally works between 37 and 40 hours a week, 9am to 5.30pm, Monday to Friday. Additional hours may be required to meet deadlines, which could include evenings and weekends.
It is possible to be self-employed and work from home. Part-time and flexible hours may be available.
It is usual to work in an open-plan office environment. A limited amount of traveling may be required.
Starting salaries may be around £18,000 a year.
The IT industry is a rapidly expanding global marketplace and the internet continues to develop at great speed. Web designers/developers are employed across all industry sectors from finance and retail to public organisations. They may be employed directly by IT consultancies, software houses, web design agencies or work in an organisation's IT department.
There are job opportunities throughout the UK, with a higher concentration in the South East. There are also opportunities overseas.
Vacancies are advertised on company and recruitment websites, and in trade publications such as Computer Weekly and Computing. The local and national press also advertise positions.
Most employers expect applicants to have a degree-level education, often with relevant work experience and vocational skills.
There are a range of qualifications which provide a good grounding in web design, interactive design, graphic design and internet technology. These include:
BTEC National Diploma in Art and Design (Multimedia), Computer Studies or IT. Applicants typically need four GCSE's/S grades (A-C/1-3) or equivalent qualifications and courses normally last two years, full time.
SQA National Certificate in IT. Applicants normally require four GCSE's/S grades (A-C/1-3), and courses normally last two years, full time.
BTEC/SQA higher national diplomas. Colleges normally ask for at least one A level/two H grades and four GCSE's/S grades (A-C/1-3), or a BTEC/SQA national certificate/diploma in a relevant subject. Courses can be full time or part time, and some colleges offer sandwich courses, with one year's work experience.
NVQ's/SVQ's are available in IT practitioner subjects, including Design at Levels 2 to 4.
Degrees in IT, computer science, programming, software engineering and other subjects. More specific degree subjects include web development, web design, multimedia design and web content management. Applicants usually need at least two A levels/three H grades.
Degree courses usually last three or four years full time or four or five years for sandwich courses. Check with individual colleges and universities for specific entry requirements.
Employers consider applicants from traditional academic degree courses such as maths and physics as well as graduates of business and arts/humanities degrees who have a flair for problem solving in a logical manner.
It is sometimes possible to start in programming work and progress to become a web designer/developer. There is also an Apprenticeship in IT.
Apprenticeships and Advanced Apprenticeships provide structured training with an employer. As an apprentice you must be paid at least £95 per week; you may well be paid more. A recent survey found that the average wage for apprentices was £170 a week. Your pay will depend on the sector in which you work, your age, the area where you live and the stage at which you have arrived in the Apprenticeship.
Entry to Employment (e2e) can help to prepare those who are not yet ready for an Apprenticeship. In addition, Young Apprenticeships may be available for 14- to 16-year-olds. More information is available from a Connexions personal adviser or at www.apprenticeships.org.uk.
There are different arrangements for Apprenticeships in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
As the IT industry continues to develop it is vital for web designers/developers to keep up to date with new software and technology. Professional qualifications can be obtained from various professional bodies, including the British Computer Society (BCS). A number of private sector companies also offer training courses and computing qualifications.
Laboratory technicians carry out routine laboratory tests and perform a variety of technical support functions to help scientists, technologists and others with their work. They can work in research and development, scientific analysis and testing, education and manufacturing.
They are employed in a wide range of scientific fields which affect almost every aspect of our lives.
A web designer/developer should:
The normal progression route for a web designer/developer is to become a senior or principal web designer/developer.
Experienced web designers/developers can use their experience and knowledge to become self-employed. Opportunities also exist in lecturing and training.
Overseas work is possible.
The British Computer Society (BCS),
1st Floor, Block D, North Star House,
North Star Avenue, Swindon SN2 1FA
Tel: 01793 417417
e-skills UK, 1 Castle Lane, London SW1E 6DR
Tel: 020 7963 8920
The Institution of Analysts and Programmers,
Charles House, 36 Culmington Road,
London W13 9NH
Tel: 020 8567 2118
Tutch Media, Unit M, Aston Bury Farm, Aston Bury Lane,
Aston Stevenage, Hertfordshire SG2 7EG
Tel: 01438 811 411
and a Guide to becoming a Web Developer
Additional resources for job seekers and those already in a job.