Sighted people rely on vision to perform most everyday tasks, from getting about indoors and out, to cooking, cleaning and choosing suitable clothes. Most jobs and pastimes also rely on vision.
People who lose some or all of their vision therefore have to learn new ways of doing things. Rehabilitation officers train them to develop and use their existing skills in different ways and also help them to cope emotionally with their new situation.
People from all ages and backgrounds can lose their sight. Although most are over 65, some are children. Some people have additional disabilities, so support must be tailored to the individual.
Rehabilitation officers start with a detailed assessment of the person's situation, including:
They devise an individual action plan in agreement with the client. This plan could involve:
Rehabilitation officers keep written records, produce reports, and attend meetings and case conferences. They liaise with members of social services teams, as well as with ophthalmologists, orthoptists, optometrists and other professionals.
Rehabilitation officers usually work normal office hours, though they may need to visit clients at weekends or in the evening. Part-time work or job share may be available.
Most officers are based in an office, but spend time in clients' homes or specialist rehabilitation centres. They work outdoors when providing mobility training or escorting clients.
Rehabilitation officers travel to visit clients and may drive or escort the client to appointments, so a driving licence is an advantage.
Starting salaries for rehabilitation officers may be between around £18,000 and £23,000 a year. An experienced officer could earn between £23,000 and £30,000.
Team leaders can earn £35,000 or more.
Most opportunities are with local authority social services departments. Other employers include voluntary organisations such as the Royal National Institute of the Blind (RNIB) and Guide Dogs for the Blind, health services, schools and colleges.
Vacancies appear in the RNIB's NB journal as well as in local and national newspapers, online at www.lgjobs.com and on the websites and jobs bulletins of individual local authorities or of voluntary organisations for visually impaired people.
Applicants need a qualification in rehabilitation work (visual impairment). Three universities offer relevant courses:
Entry requirements are usually a minimum of one A level and three GCSE's (A*-C), or equivalent. The Diploma in society, health and development could also be a useful starting point. Courses last two years full time.
Applicants with either personal experience of visual disability or experience of working with people with a visual impairment will also be considered if they can show ability to study at foundation degree level.
Access courses may be available to prepare people for study at degree level.
Applications from people with disabilities including visual impairment are welcomed. Learning materials are adapted to this. However, candidates must confirm their own competence in the independent living skills they will be passing on to others.
There is also a BTEC Professional Diploma in rehabilitation studies (visual impairment) at Levels 4 and 5, available through Provision Solutions. Applicants are usually employed either full or part time or are working as volunteers in a local authority or voluntary agency. They do need to have regular access to people in need of sight loss services.
Advanced Apprenticeships in health and social care may be available.
Apprenticeships and Advanced Apprenticeships provide structured training with an employer. As an apprentice you must be paid at least £95 per week; you may well be paid more. A recent survey found that the average wage for apprentices was £170 a week. Your pay will depend on the sector in which you work, your age, the area where you live and the stage at which you have arrived in the Apprenticeship.
Entry to Employment (e2e) can help to prepare those who are not yet ready for an Apprenticeship. In addition, Young Apprenticeships may be available for 14- to 16-year-olds. More information is available from a Connexions personal adviser or at www.apprenticeships.org.uk.
There are different arrangements for Apprenticeships in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Because they will be working with vulnerable individuals, rehabilitation officers must have Criminal Records Bureau clearance and be registered with the Independent Safeguarding Authority.
The foundation degree courses all involve many practical sessions and cover areas such as:
The BTEC Professional Diploma is modular with six six-week units spread over the year. Each unit takes around 15 hours a week, although this depends on the student's previous experience. Most of the study is done by distance learning, but there are lectures, written assignments and practical observation.
Further training for newly qualified rehabilitation officers depends on the employer. Local authorities offer induction training and continuing professional development (CPD).
Laboratory technicians carry out routine laboratory tests and perform a variety of technical support functions to help scientists, technologists and others with their work. They can work in research and development, scientific analysis and testing, education and manufacturing.
They are employed in a wide range of scientific fields which affect almost every aspect of our lives.
A rehabilitation officer should:
With experience, rehabilitation officers may be promoted to management posts or may specialise in a particular field, such as working with children with visual impairments.
There are also posts in training.
Action for Blind People,
14-16 Verney Road,
London SE16 3DZ
Tel: 020 7635 4800
Birmingham City University,
Cox Building, City North Campus,
Birmingham B42 2SU
Tel: 0121 331 6405
Canterbury Christ Church University,
North Holmes Road, Cantebury, Kent CT1 1QU
Tel: 01227 782900
The Guide Dogs for the Blind Association,
Burghfield Common, Reading RG7 3YG
Tel: 0118 983 5555
28 Rectory Court, 189 High Road,
South Woodford, LondonE18 2PE
Tel: 0208 22 000 33
Royal National Institute of the Blind (RNIB),
105 Judd Street, London WC1H 9NE
Tel: 020 7388 1266
Social Care Association,
350 West Barnes Lane,
Motspur Park, New Malden KT3 6NB
Tel: 020 8949 5837
York St John University,
Lord Mayor's Walk, York YO31 7EX
Tel: 01904 876598
Additional resources for job seekers and those already in a job.