Polymer technologists work in the manufacture of products made from polymers. The polymer group of materials is made up of plastics, rubber, adhesives, resins and fibres. Polymers have special properties that make them useful in the manufacture of a variety of products. The three main groups of materials are:
Composites manufacturing is particularly important, as there is currently a growth in using polymers to replace traditional materials, such as metal, in the manufacturing process.
Polymer technologists are involved in the design and development of new materials, technology and manufacturing processes that use polymers. They have particular responsibility for developing the moulds used to form the material during manufacture. It is a job that requires specialist skills, as the slightest imperfection may ruin a product.
The work includes:
Polymer technologists work in a variety of ways, often in a team with other engineers and technicians. They may:
Polymer technologists normally work 35 to 40 hours a week, from Monday to Friday. Overtime may sometimes be required in order to meet deadlines.
Technologists may work in a variety of environments. These might include offices, laboratories and factories. They may have to travel, possibly abroad, as part of the job.
When working in laboratories and factories, technologists usually wear overalls and protective clothing.
Starting salaries may be around £14,000 a year.
Around 14,000 companies are involved in polymer processing, employing around 280,000 people in the UK. The majority of businesses are small, employing fewer than ten people. They might be involved in making electrical switches and light fittings. The larger companies may make a variety of goods, such as packaging components for food, liquids, and fragile components and products.
Polymer science is a growth area, with a shortage of qualified staff. It is likely that new companies will continue to develop across the UK as new uses are found for plastic, rubber and composite materials in the home, industry and medical professions.
Jobs may be advertised in the local press, at Jobcentre Plus offices (www.jobcentreplus.gov.uk) and in the magazine Plastics and Rubber Weekly (www.prw.com). Opportunities may also be found on the websites of manufacturing companies and agencies specialising in industrial recruitment.
The minimum entry qualification for a polymer technologist is normally a BTEC HNC/HND in manufacturing engineering or polymer processing and materials technology. In practice, the bulk of entrants have a first degree in a related subject, such as materials engineering, materials science, materials technology or polymer science.
For a degree course, applicants need at least five GCSE's (A*-C) and two or three A levels, normally including maths and chemistry or physics. Design technology or other vocational A levels may be helpful. The Diploma in manufacturing and product design (available from September 2009) may be relevant for this area of work.
It may be possible to study a postgraduate course in materials engineering or polymer technology after completing a broader first degree in engineering or science.
Graduate programme's in engineering may be available. These combine study at degree or diploma level with structured work-based learning. Graduate trainees are paid by their employers, either as full-time employees (for those who have already graduated) or for the periods spent in the workplace (for those who are on sandwich courses or work experience).
The variety of skills and qualities required to be a polymer technologist means that entrants with relevant experience are welcomed. For those already working in the area, part-time study towards a relevant HND may be a possibility. At some universities, applicants without the necessary background in science and maths may be offered a one-year foundation course to prepare for the degree.
Polymer technologists who have studied a degree in a relevant subject will have received training as part of their course.
Several universities in the UK have polymer processing equipment, enabling students to experience small-scale production and giving them hands-on experience of manufacturing with polymers.
Laboratory technicians carry out routine laboratory tests and perform a variety of technical support functions to help scientists, technologists and others with their work. They can work in research and development, scientific analysis and testing, education and manufacturing.
They are employed in a wide range of scientific fields which affect almost every aspect of our lives.
Polymer technologists should:
As polymer science is a growing industry, there are good prospects for promotion. A qualified technologist may progress to work as a senior sales engineer, an equipment development engineer, a product design engineer, a quality manager or a senior project manager.
British Plastics Federation,
5-6 Bath Place, Rivington Street,
London EC2A 3JE
Tel: 020 7457 5000
The British Rubber and Polyurethane
Products Association, 5-6 Bath Place,
Rivington Street, London EC2A 3JE
Tel: 020 7457 5040
Tapton Park Innovation Centre,
Brimington Road, Chesterfield S41 0TZ
Tel: 01246 541918
Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining,
1 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5DB
Tel: 020 7451 7300
The Federation for Industry Skills and Standards,
10 York Place, Edinburgh EH1 3EP
Tel: 0300 303 4444
Additional resources for job seekers and those already in a job.