Construction operatives work as part of a team of tradespeople and labourers who build houses, factories, offices, roads, bridges, airports and other structures.
The precise nature of the work depends on the area of construction in which an operative works.
General building and civil engineering tasks may include:
Site work may involve:
Construction operatives may be required to drive some construction plant, such as dumper trucks. Some operatives specialise in helping with a particular task, such as bricklaying or plastering. Others may specialise in areas such as piling, deep drainage, underpinning, concrete repairs and structural repairs.
Construction operatives follow instructions from a site supervisor or manager. On some occasions they may have to work from drawings, plans or written instructions. They use a wide range of tools and equipment.
Construction operatives usually work 39 hours a week, Monday to Friday. Start and finish times vary in order to make the most of daylight hours, complete jobs to deadlines and avoid disruption to the public. Overtime work at weekends or in the evening is common.
Construction operatives mainly work outside so conditions can be hot, cold, wet, dusty and dirty. The work is very physical and involves loading, unloading and storing materials.
On construction sites, operatives wear protective clothing such as safety helmets, steel toecap boots, ear defenders, goggles and high-visibility jackets.
The work can involve travelling as operatives move from one project to the next. They may need to work away from home. A driving licence may be useful.
Construction operatives may start on around £15,000 a year.
Construction is the largest industry in the UK, employing about 2.3 million people, including about 233,000 women. Around 80,000 people join the industry each year and about 37 per cent of construction workers are self-employed.
Operatives are in constant demand, both for new construction work and to carry out maintenance and repairs on buildings. They work for building or engineering contractors, local authorities and other public organisations. There are jobs on building sites throughout the UK.
Vacancies for construction operatives are usually advertised in Jobcentre Plus offices, Connexions centres and local newspapers.
Vocational qualifications in construction are available in some schools and colleges, and offer an introduction to the industry and a foundation for further training. They include:
Schools may be able to arrange work experience with a construction company so that students can find out what it is really like to work in the industry.
Apprenticeships are a common route into the construction industry.
Apprenticeships and Advanced Apprenticeships provide structured training with an employer. As an apprentice you must be paid at least £95 per week; you may well be paid more. A recent survey found that the average wage for apprentices was £170 a week. Your pay will depend on the sector in which you work, your age, the area where you live and the stage at which you have arrived in the Apprenticeship.
Entry to Employment (e2e) can help to prepare those who are not yet ready for an Apprenticeship. In addition, Young Apprenticeships may be available for 14- to 16-year-olds. More information is available from a Connexions personal adviser or at www.apprenticeships.org.uk.
There are different arrangements for Apprenticeships in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
There are no set entry requirements but GCSE's/S grades (A-C/1-3) in English, maths and technology subjects are useful.
Training is usually on the job, working with more experienced operatives, but new entrants also receive more formal training in health and safety.
Construction Skills Certification Scheme (CSCS) cards are used in the construction industry to demonstrate that the card holder has been trained in health and safety and is competent in a particular occupation, or is working towards becoming competent.
Construction operatives also need to have a Construction Site Operative (CSO) card.
Construction apprentices gain vocational qualifications and train as they work. They are taught practical skills and spend some time at a college or training centre. Apprenticeships lead to key skills qualifications, technical certificates and NVQ's/SVQ's at Level 2 in Construction Operations and, for more specialised jobs, Construction and Civil Engineering Services, Roadbuilding (Construction) and Constructional Steelwork Site Operations.
Unqualified operatives and those who have re-entered the industry after time away may work towards a qualification through ConstructionSkills' On-Site Assessment and Training (OSAT) programme or Experienced Worker Practical Assessment (EWPA) route. These programmes turn a worker's existing skills and experience into a nationally-recognised qualification such as an NVQ/SVQ.
Laboratory technicians carry out routine laboratory tests and perform a variety of technical support functions to help scientists, technologists and others with their work. They can work in research and development, scientific analysis and testing, education and manufacturing.
They are employed in a wide range of scientific fields which affect almost every aspect of our lives.
Construction operatives should:
Construction operatives may be able to progress to craft-level roles such as bricklayer or carpenter. With experience and training they may become site supervisors.
Some operatives move into specialist areas of work such as tunnelling or bridge building. Others become self-employed.
There are many opportunities to work overseas in the construction industry.
Federation of Master Builders (FMB), Gordon Fisher House,
14-15 Great James Street, London WC1N 3DP
Tel: 020 7242 7583
Scottish Building Apprenticeship & Training Council,
Carron Grange, Carrongrange Avenue, Stenhousemuir FK5 3BQ
Tel: 01324 555550
Additional resources for job seekers and those already in a job.