Computer games designers devise new computer games and define the way the game is played and the 'game experience'. Computer games are a major part of the UK's media industry. People spend more money on buying games than they do on going to the cinema.
Games designers may work from their own original idea, or use various elements that have already been decided upon. They develop:
The designer presents these ideas in a 'concept document' or 'initial design treatment' which helps other members of the team to decide whether or not to go ahead with developing the game. Before companies invest time and money in new games, they must be convinced that people will want to buy the finished product. So they conduct market research and consider other factors such as timing before giving permission for further development.
The next stage is for the games designer to work with a team of artists and programmers to produce a prototype. This is a small-scale, playable version of the game, designed to prove that the idea will work. At the same time the designer puts together the full game design document which describes in detail every element of the game and how it works. This document is likely to change over time as the game evolves.
During the development of the game the game designer is responsible for:
Some game designers work on the whole game, while others might concentrate on one aspect of the design. On large projects, a lead designer oversees the work of a number of designers.
Games designers work on average 35 hours a week, but additional hours, including early mornings, evenings and weekends, are likely to be required at busy times, particularly when deadlines are near.
Designers are office based and spend much of their time sitting at a desk using a computer, or attending meetings.
Starting salaries for new computer games designers with previous games industry experience may be around £19,000 a year.
Around 6,600 people in the UK work in computer games development. They are employed by games development studios, which are either independent companies or owned by games publishers. Around half of the people working in the games sector are based in London and south-east England, but there are also important centres in Manchester, Liverpool, Warwickshire, Dundee, Sheffield and other parts of Yorkshire, and Newcastle.
Over half of all males and one in four females play games regularly, and the market is likely to expand as new technologies are introduced which make games more exciting and realistic. Development studios are keen to employ games designers who understand markets and target audiences and have the imagination and creativity to excite existing players and reach new audiences.
Vacancies are advertised through specialist recruitment agencies, on company websites, and in specialist games publications and websites. See the Skillset website at www.skillset.org for useful links to recruitment agencies and websites.
There are no set requirements for this job, but the majority of computer games designers are graduates. Most degree subjects are acceptable.
Skillset accredits four courses offering education and training development for people wanting a career in computer games:
Students on these courses benefit from visiting lectures, studio tours, workshops, masterclasses, mentoring and work placements.
The usual requirements for a degree are at least two A levels/three H grades and five GCSE's/S grades (A-C/1-3), or equivalent qualifications, but candidates are advised to check with individual institutions.
It is not normally possible to become a computer games designer without relevant experience in the industry. Many designers have previously worked as testers in the quality assurance departments of games development studios. Employers usually expect to see a portfolio of work, including completed game projects or written game design documents and proposals.
Apprenticeships and Advanced Apprenticeships provide structured training with an employer. As an apprentice you must be paid at least £95 per week; you may well be paid more. A recent survey found that the average wage for apprentices was £170 a week. Your pay will depend on the sector in which you work, your age, the area where you live and the stage at which you have arrived in the Apprenticeship.
Entry to Employment (e2e) can help to prepare those who are not yet ready for an Apprenticeship. In addition, Young Apprenticeships may be available for 14- to 16-year-olds. More information is available from a Connexions personal adviser or at www.apprenticeships.org.uk.
There are different arrangements for Apprenticeships in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Skillset is piloting an Apprenticeship in QA and Games Production. For further details see the Skillset website.
Most computer games designers train on the job, combining self-learning with mentoring by more experienced colleagues. There may be the opportunity to attend short courses to learn about technological developments and new software packages.
It is very important for anyone working in the computer games industry to keep up to date with technological developments and market information, and to update their skills throughout their careers.
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A computer games designer should:
There is no formal promotion route for computer games designers. With experience, it is possible to be promoted from junior designer to designer. Successful, experienced designers with project and people-management skills may progress to become lead designers.
There may be opportunities to move into management and marketing roles.
Talented designers may be offered the chance to work overseas. It may be possible to become self-employed, doing freelance work on a contract basis.
British Computer Society,
1st Floor, Block D, North Star House, North Star Avenue, Swindon SN2 1FA
Tel: 01793 417417
British Interactive Media Association (BIMA),
Briarlea House, Southend Road, Billericay CM11 2PR
Tel: 01277 658107
e-skills UK, 1 Castle Lane, London SW1E 6DR
Tel: 020 7963 8920
The International Game Developers Association (IGDA)
Skillset (The Sector Skills Council for the Audio Visual Industries),
Focus Point, 21 Caledonian Road, London N1 9GB
Tel: 08080 300900 (England and Northern Ireland);
0808 100 8094 (Scotland); 0800 012 1815 (Wales)
TIGA, Brighton Business Centre, 95 Ditchling Road, Brighton BN1 4ST
Tel: 0845 094 1095
Additional resources for job seekers and those already in a job.