Tattooing and body art is increasingly regarded as an art form. It involves creating body adornments in the form of permanent designs or piercing's. Body artists and tattooist's will usually meet with clients prior to any work being carried in order to:
Advise on the permanent nature of tattoos.
Tattooist's apply permanent images, words and symbols onto a client's skin, using needles and ink. Their duties may include:
Some experienced tattooist's specialise in specific art forms, for instance black and gray, portrait and photo-realism or Japanese styles. Tattooing requires absolute precision, as mistakes are not easy to correct. Large designs may require a couple of appointments, with colour inserted in stages after the outline has healed.
Body artists who carry out body piercing are likely to follow a similar routine to tattooist's, advising clients on the most appropriate metal and jewellery, sterilising the jewellery before use and preparing the skin.
All body artists/tattooist's are responsible for keeping their equipment scrupulously clean, and all body art is strictly regulated. Health and safety standards, including waste management, sterilisation, infection control and first aid are all essential components of the job. The premises and the artist must both be registered with the local environmental health department. Inspections take place to ensure that the necessary standards are met and maintained.
In addition to seeing clients, body artists spend time cleaning equipment, creating new designs, ordering supplies and possibly training others.
Body artists tend to work five or six days a week, depending on the amount of work their studio generates. Weekends and evenings are popular times for clients to book appointments. Tattoo sessions rarely last longer than four hours, owing to the concentration required for intricate work. Tattooing can be physically tiring.
Many body artists combine tattooing with piercing, although some specialise in body piercing, sometimes working in a beauty salon.
Most tattooist's work in a studio, either alone or with other body artists/tattooist's Studios vary in size and condition, but are all clean and well lit, owing to the nature of the work and environmental health and safety requirements. It is possible to work from home if registered. The same health and safety standards apply.
Wearing protective gloves and facemasks may be necessary.
Many body artist trainees are unpaid apprentices, although some may earn around £11,000 a year. An experienced tattooist may earn around £16,000.
Those running their own studio with regular client bookings may earn over £30,000 a year.
Earnings are dependent on a range of issues, including reputation, the artist's client base, and the location of the studio from which they work.
Although tattooing and body piercing is becoming increasingly popular, entry to the profession is competitive. Many towns across the UK have one or more studio, usually employing between one and five body artists. The majority of skilled tattooist's are self-employed.
Positions are not generally advertised and traineeships can be difficult to find. Very often apprentices approach a studio with a portfolio of paper-based designs, to demonstrate their artistic skills.
Tattooing conventions can be a good place to make contacts and they are held regularly across the UK. Details can be found on www.tattoo.co.uk
There are no formal entry routes into this area of work. Most people learn the trade by undertaking an informal apprenticeship with an experienced body artist. Individuals need a great deal of talent, dedication and determination to be considered as an apprentice, particularly as a tattooist.
A portfolio of artwork is essential. A knowledge of the industry, gained by reading magazines and books, as well as having tattoos carried out by talented artists, all helps to show a high degree of commitment.
Although some tattooist's are trained artists or designers, formal qualifications are less important than skill and talent. It is possible to sell artwork and designs to tattooist's This can occasionally lead to an apprenticeship. Trainees usually need to buy their own equipment and sterilising units, which can cost around £3,000 to £5,000.
Trainees are unlikely to be recruited until they are over 18 years old. Many applicants are older, having gained work experience in other, possibly related areas of work.
NCFE offer a Level 2 Award in creative craft using body art. Otherwise, all training takes place alongside an experienced tattooist or piercer who is prepared to give their time to teach their trade. During this process, trainees should expect to receive little or no pay, although some will undertake paid work in the form of cleaning or administration work within the studio.
An informal apprenticeship can last at least three years. Training is likely to cover all aspects of the trade, including hygiene and design techniques. Tattooist's may begin applying their first tattoos after around six months, but it can take up to five years to become fully competent. It is illegal to work as a tattooist without being registered with the local environmental health department.
Piercing generally requires a much shorter training period, and trainees are likely to begin piercing, under supervision, soon after starting. It is advisable to do an accredited course that is recognised within the industry. The British Body Piercing Association can provide further information on relevant courses.
Commercial courses are available, including some offered by the British School of Body Piercing and the Vocational Training Charitable Trust (VTCT).
Oil Drilling Roustabouts and Roughnecks work as part of a small team on offshore oil or gas drilling rigs or production platforms. Roustabouts do unskilled manual labouring jobs on rigs and platforms, and Roughneck is a promotion from roustabout.
Roustabouts do basic tasks to help keep the rig and platform working efficiently and Roughnecks do practical tasks involved in the drilling operation, under the supervision of the driller.
A body artist/tattooist needs:
There is no formal structure for career progression in the industry. Earnings increase with hard work, experience, reputation and demand for the individual artist's work. Some body artists earn a reputation in a specific genre of tattooing and have their work featured in magazines. Learning new techniques and processes from employers, co-workers, workshops and conventions is an essential part of ongoing development.
Once experienced, it is possible to become self-employed or open a studio or salon, possibly employing other tattooist's and/or piercers.
Association of Professional Tattoo Artists (APTA),
157 Sidney Road, Muswell Hill, London N10 2NL
Tel: 020 8444 8779.
The British School of Body Piercing,
Unit 7 Rowhedge Business Park, Fingringhoe Road, Colchester, Essex CO5 7JH
Tel: 07710 653533
Tattoo Club of Great Britain and
British Tattoo Artists Federation,
389 Cowley Road, Oxford OX4 2BS
Tel: 01865 716877
Vocational Training Charitable Trust (VTCT),
Third Floor, Eastleigh House, Upper Market Street,
Eastleigh, Hampshire SO50 9FD
Tel: 02380 684500
Additional resources for job seekers and those already in a job.