Advertising media planners identify the best mix of media channels to deliver an advertising message to a clients' target audience. Using research data, they consider what is going to be most effective within the budget allocated and give the client's product or service maximum exposure.
Media planners may specialise in a particular media vehicle. However, many provide insight across the entire media spectrum, including radio, cinema, press, television and increasingly digital, mobile communications and online media.
Targeting advertising and marketing communications in this way requires a clear understanding of many factors and the different media channels. They may use this knowledge to give some creative input, working closely with advertising, public relations and other creative agency personnel during the development of entire communication strategies. This ensures the right balance is achieved. Media planners and buyers may also be responsible for budget control.
Typical duties of media planners include:
Larger media agencies usually separate the planning and buying roles, although some creative agencies may combine them. Media buyers liaise constantly with media owners, negotiating and buying media space. This can involve:
Most media planners and buyers work on several accounts at once. Those with experience have more direct contact with clients.
Media planners/buyers tend to work 40 hours a week from Monday to Friday. Some agencies have flexible working hours on the understanding that staff will work late when deadlines demand it. It may be possible for experienced media planners to work part time. Freelance opportunities are becoming more common, although these are generally short-term contracts that require significant agency experience.
Although office based, more experienced media planners spend a lot of their time visiting clients to attend meetings and make strategy presentations. Clients can be based anywhere in the UK. Occasional short overnight stays may be required. A lot of the work is conducted over the telephone. Maintaining contact with media owners can involve an element of out-of-hours socialising.
The working environment, although informal, can be quite pressurised. Office dress code is generally casual, although professional attire is expected for client meetings.
The starting salary for media planners and buyers may be around £15,000 to £20,000 a year. London agencies and those specialising in certain media channels like digital and TV tend to pay higher salaries.
There are approximately 3,000 people employed in UK media planning and buying roles. Major employers include specialist media and multimedia agencies and large creative agencies that produce advertising, marketing and digital communications. Over 70 per cent of the advertising workforce is London based. Other key UK centres include Birmingham, Bristol, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds, Newcastle and Manchester.
Competition for advertising jobs is strong. It is highly desirable for applicants to have some relevant experience. This can be unpaid work experience with an agency or experience in related areas, such as marketing or market research.
The Institute of Practitioners in Advertising (IPA) have a scheme allowing students to post their CV's on the IPA website between June and September each year. Their Graduate Recruitment Agency Factfile lists member agencies with structured recruitment programmes. It also lists member addresses and fields the agency specialises in, for people wishing to make a speculative approach to agencies.
Job vacancies for media planners/buyers are advertised in industry magazines, such as Campaign, Creative Review, Marketing, Marketing Week and Media Week, and in national newspapers. They are also available through recruitment agencies and advertised on the internet, including www.mad.co.uk and the IPA website www.ipa.co.uk.
Although there are no set qualifications to become a media planner/buyer, like most advertising careers, entry is competitive. Many applying for first jobs have a degree or HNC/HND in a relevant topic, for instance:
Advertising or marketing
However, creative ability and enthusiasm for brands and different media channels are qualities employers are equally impressed by. Relevant work experience as a summer intern or during a sandwich degree programme can greatly increase chances of employment. A customer or business role that illustrates confidence dealing with people can be equally beneficial.
Applicants for HND courses usually need at least one A level/two H grades or equivalent qualifications. For a degree at least two A levels/three H grades and five GCSE's/S grades (A-C/1-3) or equivalent qualifications are usually required. Candidates should check with individual universities and colleges for specific entry requirements.
Junior media planners/buyers tend to learn their skills on the job, supporting and working alongside more experienced colleagues. Some of the larger agencies may offer structured training programmes.
Work-based training usually involves working on a variety of client accounts to gain a broader experience. Many attend seminars and workshops run by key media research organisations. These help media planners and buyers to gain an understanding of how to interpret and make best use of the audience research figures and findings.
Employers may also encourage new entrants to take the IPA Foundation Certificate. This is an online learning course culminating in a two-hour exam, designed to give an overview of advertising and the specific roles within the industry.
There are many other short courses offered by a number of organisations, including The Account Planning Group, Chartered Institute of Marketing (CIM), Media Research Group and Media Circle.
All people employed in this field are expected to keep up to date with industry trends and standards by reading relevant publications.
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Advertising media planners/buyers should be:
With around one years' experience, trainees typically progress into a permanent position as a media planner/buyer. Progression beyond this is largely based upon personal performance.
Those working in IPA member agencies have access to the IPA Continuous Professional Development in Advertising Standard, which supports structured career progression.
Realistically, successful candidates can take on more account management and senior responsibilities within three to five years.
Some may broaden their role, moving into data management, account planning, research or marketing. There are also many new opportunities, particularly with the rapid expansion of multimedia technologies.
Movement between media and advertising agencies is common.
The Account Planning Group (APG),
16 Creighton Avenue, London N10 1NU
Tel: 020 8444 3692
Advertising Association, 7th Floor North,
Artillery House, 11-19 Artillery Row, London SW1P 1RT
Tel: 020 7340 1100
The Chartered Institute of Marketing (CIM),
Moor Hall, Cookham, Maidenhead, Berkshire SL6 9QH
Tel: 01628 427500
Creative & Cultural Skills, 4th Floor,
The Leathermarket, Weston St, London SE1 3HN
Tel: 020 7015 1800
The Institute of Practitioners in Advertising (IPA),
44 Belgrave Square, London SW1X 8QS
Tel: 020 7235 7020
Media Circle, 44 Belgrave Square, London SW1X 8QS
Tel: 020 7201 8252
The Media Research Group
Additional resources for job seekers and those already in a job.